“We demand an immediate ceasefire and support negotiations for a complete and lasting peace. The United Nations and other relevant international bodies must be ready to guarantee all the agreement,” reads a document with more than 570 signatures to which Lusa had access.
In the manifesto, the signatories consider that “the President [da Ucrânia, Volodymyr] Zelensky outlined the two most important conditions for peace. Therefore, “the invading Russian forces must withdraw from Ukraine and Ukraine will become a neutral country,” they add.
Among the signatories of the document are Noam Chomsky, an American linguist, philosopher, political scientist, and activist; Jeremy Corbyn, former leader of the British Labor Party; Rafael Correa, former President of Ecuador; Federico Mayor Zaragoza, President of the Cultural Foundation for Peace and former Director-General of UNESCO; and Ione Belarra, Secretary-General of the Spanish Podemos Party.
In addition to the director of the Bloco de Esquerda, the signatories of the document also include the academic Boaventura Sousa Santos.
To the signatories, “the effects of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine were devastating: death, destruction, and the displacement of millions of people from their homes” and “the risk of nuclear destruction increases as the war intensifies.”
Thus, “the social and economic consequences of the war are already being felt in Ukraine, Russia and around the world,” they stress.
“For all these reasons, the signatory parties, organizations, and individuals are demanding: Peace,” they conclude.
On the other hand, the signatories of the manifesto call on “governments and the media to set aside all military language and to promote and strengthen dialogue on that basis” and warn that “escalation will only lead to more bloodshed, exclusion and the damage caused by financial loss to innocent people.” .
They also demanded “the protection of all civilians fleeing or staying in their homes, evacuation through humanitarian corridors, and the provision of food and medical assistance.”
They also recall that Ukraine needs support for reconstruction and call on international institutions to cancel Ukraine’s debt and commit resources to support the country’s national and human development.
“We must also protect the people of non-fighting countries who are facing the economic consequences of this escalating war,” they stress.
In this context, they call on “governments to protect the welfare state, guarantee social rights for all citizens and reduce inequality”.
“It is time for big wealth and big business to participate equally in society so that the incomes and bodies of the vast majority do not once again bear the cost of this crisis,” they conclude.
Russia launched a military offensive in Ukraine on February 24, killing nearly 2,000 civilians, according to UN data, warning that the actual number is likely to be much higher.
More than 11 million people fled the war, more than 5 million of them to neighboring countries.
The international community generally condemned the Russian attack, which responded by sending weapons to Ukraine and strengthening economic and political sanctions on Moscow.