A mosquito that cares Chikungunya is with greater dimension In Fortaleza: 43.9% of first-quarter disease tests are positive. This is the highest percentage in the last four years. There are already 591 diagnoses of the disease in the capital.
This means that four out of ten tests to identify cases of Chikungunya were positive during the first three months of the year. The information is reported in the Epidemiological Bulletin (SMS) of the Capital Health Agency.
The balance for the period also shows that 473 cases were rejected and 386 investigations are still pending under scrutiny This year.
SMS monitors the spread of the Chikungunya virus in Fortaleza: 65 districts have already registered cases of the disease. On the map, it is possible to see that 73.2% of cases are concentrated in seven locations:
- Olive grove
- José Walter
- City of workers
- Manibura Park
- Luciano Cavalcante
- Ayrton Senna plateau
Cases of illness began to increase in January of this year with 19 positive tests. In February, the number rose to 143. The following month, 411 cases of Chikungunya were reported. The April part shows 18 positive diagnoses in the 11th update.
History of the disease
In case management, it is clear that 2022 will be the beginning of the year already wins Chikungunya cases in the analyzed period of the previous four years (1st quarter):
- 2022: 591
- 2021: 184
- 2020: 254
- 2019: 275
- 2018: 584
The first reported cases of the disease in Brazil and Ceara were detected in 2014. Since then the most critical period occurred in 2016, with 17,791 cases, and in 2017 – when the diagnosis was 61,826.
In two years, the number of deaths was also concentrated: 25 in 2016 and 144 in 2017. The last Chikungunya Deaths occurred in 2020, when the disease lost 2 lives.
Symptoms: from high fever to severe pain
Chikungunya manifests with rapid onset of high feverAccording to the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), severe pain in the joints of the legs and arms and as the main symptoms of the fingers, ankles and wrists.
Complaints are also common headaches, muscles and red spots on the skin. Symptoms appear 2 to 12 days after mosquito bite Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.
Fiocruz points out it is not possible to who have Chikungunya more than once because the patient is immune to the disease. The Foundation estimates that about 30 percent of cases are asymptomatic.
In an interview with Northeast Diaryepidemiologist Luciano Pamplona warned of the risk of the consequences of the disease.
“For some people, for the most part, it can become chronic and cause chronic pain for several years. We don’t know if for the rest of our lives, but we will know for at least six or seven years, ”he explained.
HOW IS THE WEATHER?
Since there is still no vaccine against chikungunya to immunize, the best way to prevent it is to take action against its infectious agent.
- Inspect your home at least once a week to remove any mosquito breeding grounds;
- Check that the water tank is tight and that no water collects in the gutters;
- Proper cleaning of water tanks and refrigerator vessels;
- Be careful not to allow water to collect under the pots;
- Proper cleaning of drains and toilets, especially in disused areas;
- Do not leave objects that collect water around the house, such as: rings, bottles, yogurt cups, plastic bags, and more;
“It is essential that people understand that 90% of the disease-causing mosquito breeding sites are in people’s homes and environments. So if people take care of their homes, we can reduce the reproduction of this vector and their diseases,” Luciano Pamplona warned.