April 24, this Sunday, is World Meningitis Day. by Ministry of Healthat BrazilBetween 2007 and 2020, 393,941 suspected cases of meningitis were reported. Of these, 265,644 were confirmed, the most common of which was viral meningitis followed by bacterial meningitis. Meningitis is an inflammatory process of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.
According to Fiocruz, meningitis is considered an endemic disease in the country, meaning that cases of problems are expected throughout the year, with bacterial meningitis being more common in winter and viral meningitis in summer.
When cold arrives, environments are usually enclosed and poorly ventilated, making it easier to spread. Therefore, in addition to general hygiene measures such as washing hands, not sharing cutlery and food, keeping the environment and toys clean, vaccinations are also important.
Another important factor in breaking the chain of infection and avoiding deaths from the disease is proper diagnosis. It is worth noting that meningitis kills one in ten people infected – mostly children and adolescents – and leaves one in five long-term injuries, such as seizures, hearing and vision impairment, neurological damage and cognitive impairment.
It is based in São José dos Pinhais (PR). Firstlab develops and manufactures products and equipment for Clinical Analysis Laboratories, including the diagnosis of meningitis, such as the Fuchs-Rosenthal chamber, microscope, centrifuge, petri dishes, media, micropipettes, and more.
Viviane Ceschim, Firstlab’s scientific advisor, explains whether or not laboratory diagnosis is important to confirm clinical suspicion, and the gold standard is CSF culture and cerebrospinal fluid biochemical analysis. “In addition to cerebrospinal fluid (main sample), other biological samples can be used to diagnose meningitis, such as scratches on the blood or petechiae (red skin lesions) in the case of bacterial meningitis and blood or faeces in the case of bacterial meningitis. viral meningitis. It is also customary to ask for blood tests and urine tests to assess the patient’s general condition, ”he says.