One A new case of Ebola has been reported in the Democratic Republic of Congo motivates the country’s health authorities to declare another outbreak this Saturday (23). ITS the third Ebola epidemic in the country since 2018. The last one had ended in December last year.
Regional Director of the World Health Organization (WHO) In Africa, Matshidiso Moeti expressed concern about the case.
“Time is not on our side. The disease started two weeks ago and now we are chasing it. The positive news is that the authorities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have more experience than anyone else in the world in managing the Ebola epidemics quickly.
A new case of Ebola was registered in the town of Mbandaka. The patient, a 31-year-old man, began to have symptoms on April 5 and, after more than a week of home treatment, sought treatment in a hospital.
He was taken to intensive care for Ebola on April 21, but died later that day. All those who came into contact with the patient were monitored.
The vaccination campaign is expected to begin in the coming days. The country already has an rVSV-ZEBOV immunizer in stock in the cities of Goma and Kinshasa. According to the WHO, the vaccines will be delivered to Mbandaka.
Vaccination should be initiated from those in contact with the victim and extended to contact with this first group. A strategy called “ring vaccine” in free translation is used to control the spread of the virus.
The previous epidemic lasted 42 days. In North Kivu province, 11 cases (eight confirmed and three probable) and six deaths were reported at the time. The 2018 epidemic lasted two years in the same province.
The Ebola virus affects humans and primates (monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees) and was found in 1976 near the Ebola River in the present Democratic Republic of Congo.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the natural host for ebola is still unknown, but researchers believe the carriers of the virus are animals and bats are likely hosts.
Ebola is mainly transmitted through direct contact of unprotected skin wounds and mucous membranes with infected blood or body fluids. In addition, when in contact with contaminated objects such as needles and syringes; or in contact with infected bats or primates.
“Ebola is not transmitted through air, water or food in general. In Africa, however, Ebola can be transmitted by processing wild game meat (hunted for food),” the CDC says.