At least 169 cases of acute childhood hepatitis were reported in 12 countries

The World Health Organization (WHO) has already identified at least 169 cases of acute childhood hepatitis in 12 countries, mainly the United Kingdom, which resulted in one death and required 17 liver transplants. 13 cases were registered in Spain.

An outbreak of “unknown origin” was announced by the WHO on April 15, affecting children aged 1-16 months with hepatitis and “in many cases” gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting, and elevated liver enzymes.

Adenovirus was detected in almost half of the cases, but none of the most common viruses in viral hepatitis cases.

In the United Kingdom, where 114 cases were detected, “there has been a significant increase in adenovirus infections in the Community, as in the Netherlands,” says the WHO.

However, the prevalence of adenovirus “does not fully explain the severity of the clinical picture” because the observed variant, type 41, is not distinguished from causing such severe cases of hepatitis, but rather respiratory diseases, gastroenteritis, conjunctivitis, or inflammation of the bladder.

The WHO so far rules out that it could be a side effect of the covid-19 vaccine because “the majority of affected children were not vaccinated.”

“Factors such as increased susceptibility in young children, low blood flow after the onset of the covid-19 pandemic, possible emergence of a new adenovirus such as SARS-CoV-2 infection. [20 das crianças doentes tinham sido infetadas com o coronavírus e 19 com SARS-CoV-2 e adenovírus] must be investigated, “the WHO argues.

The WHO also found cases in Spain (13), Israel (12), the United States (nine), Denmark (six), Ireland (five), the Netherlands (four), Norway (two), France (two) and Romania. (one) and Belgium (one).

“It is very likely that more cases will be detected before the cause of the outbreak is confirmed and preventive action is taken,” emphasizes the UN, which emphasizes “regular hand washing and respiratory hygiene” as a means of preventing infection. adenovirus.

The WHO does not recommend any restrictions on travel or trade with the United Kingdom or any other country where cases of this acute hepatitis epidemic have been reported.

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