Brown April: Ophthalmologist warns against blindness
Diseases that lead to vision loss can be silent
This month will see the importance of preventing and combating various causes of blindness through “April Marrom”. Vision, considered essential in routine, is one of the human senses that plays a major role in everyday life, but the first vision report published by the World Health Organization in 2019 found that at least 2.2 billion people are visually impaired. or blind. At least one billion of these are visually impaired who could have been prevented or not yet treated.
According to William Tannure, an ophthalmologist who is a member of Unimed Petrópolis, vision loss and blindness can be prevented with regular eye doctor follow-up.
“An ophthalmologist’s consultation can diagnose the majority of potentially low-vision diseases, and when done in a timely manner, vision damage can be prevented with appropriate treatment,” the doctor emphasizes.
Diseases that cause blindness include cataracts, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. In most cases, symptoms can appear when the disease is already advanced. An ophthalmologist warns some of them of silent development.
“Some of the diseases can lead to progressive vision loss, and this is naturally a warning sign that a person is seeking medical attention. However, some diseases, such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, usually cause symptoms only at advanced stages, when vision loss usually becomes irreversible and many available treatments do not have the same efficacy and predictability, ”says Dr. William.
Simple ways help prevent disease
In everyday life, it is common to bring your hands in front of your eyes. However, there are some precautions to take that, while simple, can help prevent disease. For example, hand hygiene reduces the risk of spreading infectious diseases such as viral and bacterial conjunctivitis. In addition, a good diet combined with physical activity can contribute to the prevention and treatment of diabetes and thus diabetic retinopathy (a disease that affects the small blood vessels in the retina, the area of the eye responsible for the formation of images is sent to the brain).