Seven million to explore Homo Sapiens, black holes, and discover other globes

The European Research Council (ERC) awarded almost € 7 million (6.9) to three Portuguese researcher projects. Nuno Cardoso Santos, a researcher at the Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) and director of the FIERCE project, plans to analyze the cause of stellar noise and “pave the way” for the observation of other globes in the universe. Nuno Bicho from the University of the Algarve is studying the dynamics of the first migrants through the Dispersals project. Homo sapiens. And Vítor Cardoso from Técnico de Lisboa suggests exploring and discovering the potential of black holes in the framework of the Gravitas project.

According to the IA of the University of Porto, the ERC (a body set up by the European Commission in 2007) commissioned it Advanced GrantWith funding of EUR 2.5 million for the FIERCE project. The project, led by IA Planetary Systems team researcher Nuno Cardoso Santos, aims to create new data analysis methods over the next five years to “model and characterize the causes of stellar noise,” enabling a way to detect Earth 2.0.

“Despite recent progress, it has not yet been possible to identify exoplanets that are truly Earth-like, at the right distance from their star, which has liquid water and an atmosphere of nitrogen and oxygen on its surface,” the institute emphasizes. .

Nuno Cardoso Santos says the project will enable “the detection and study of other Earths orbiting other suns using instruments such as ANDES spectrography [desenvolvido para o ELT (Extremely Large Telescope), do Observatório Europeu do Sul – ESO, e previsto entrar em funcionamento em 2030″. “Estes métodos serão fundamentais para que se possa estudar em detalhe os planetas rochosos hoje detetados, bem como os que serão descobertos por missões espaciais futuras, como a PLATO, da Agência Espacial Europeia”, acrescenta Nuno Cardoso Santos.

O coordenador do IA, Francisco Lobo, destaca que a atribuição da verba “reforça a procura e estudo de exoplanetas” e que os dados obtidos com o projeto FIERCE “poderão ser usados para outras pesquisas em que equipas do IA estão empenhadas, incluindo o estudo do Sol e da física estelar”.

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