By 2030, there will be 1.5 natural disasters in the world every day

LPicture Paul Halliwell / British Department of Defense / EPA

Hurricane Dorian left traces of destruction in the Bahamas in 2019

The UN warns of the increase in the severity and severity of natural disasters caused by climate change and leaves warnings of a lack of economic preparedness for the bleak future that awaits us.

The UN report once again raises a warning about the effects of human activities on the environment.

A document prepared by the United Nations Department for Risk and Disaster Reduction (UNDRR) says large frequency rise natural disasters of recent years.

If the world experienced an average of 90-100 natural disasters a year between 1970 and 2000, the value rose sharply 350-500 averages for major disasters in the years 2001-2020.

The events taken into account range from fires to floods and also cover epidemics and chemical accidents – and the UN warns that their frequency could rise to 560 per year by 2030, which means on average 1.5 disasters a daydue to the worsening of climate change.

By 2030, temperature-related disasters could be three times more common. Not only are disasters more common, they are also more serious. For example, rising temperatures will lead to more dangerous fires and heat waves.

“At no other point in modern history has mankind encountered a various risks and dangers family and strangers interacting in hyperlinks and a rapidly changing world.

The report also warns against governments’ unpreparedness for the future. “The world needs to do more to incorporate disaster risk into our way of living, building and investing,” said Amina J. Mohammed, the UN Under-Secretary-General, who believes we are entering a “cycle of self-destruction.”

Over the last 10 years, natural disasters have cost the world € 160 billion a year. And while they are not the main culprits in climate change, the poorest countries they suffer the most from its consequences, which exacerbates their already precarious financial situation.

Every year, developing countries spend about 1% of their GDP on natural disasters. Rich countries, on the other hand, spend only 0.1-0.2% of GDP in this sense, and the UN says this asymmetry should continue.

The region of the world most affected is the Asia-Pacific region and countries need to disappear 1.3 percent of its gross domestic product annually disaster response. Next is the African continent, whose GDP suffers an average of 0.6% each year.

Not only are structures and buildings more fragile and vulnerable to these disasters, but the poorest countries also have less insurance cover, making them even more vulnerable. Since 1989, only 40% of the destruction and damage caused by natural disasters in less developed countries was covered by insurance.

There is still a big gap between the money spent on disaster response and the money spent on disaster prevention. Between 2010 and 2019, € 5.2 million was invested in disaster prevention and € 7.3 billion in rescue operations. Emergency expenditure exceeds all these values ​​by a huge margin – EUR 113 billion.

Adriana Peixoto, ZAP //

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