More than half devalue their asthma and three out of four do not know all the symptoms – DNOTICIAS.PT

More than half of the respondents in the asthma study devalued the disease and three in four do not know all the symptoms, according to data released today, when the warning campaign for this respiratory disease begins.

According to a survey published on World Asthma Day on May 3, 65.1% of respondents consider it normal for an asthma patient to have an asthma attack while on medication, and 66.6% are unaware that the severity of an asthma attack may be comparable to a heart attack.

“Asthma can be the equivalent of diabetes or heart failure in terms of disrupting everyday life, but people don’t appreciate it because they tend to appreciate only periods of crisis, which shortens periods when they may well or almost and they think they don’t need treatment and medication for it. Ana Mendes, coordinator of the Portuguese Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (SPAIC) Asthma Task Force, told Lusalle.

The expert also explained that people often “limit their daily lives, slowly, sometimes not realizing what they have stopped doing because of asthma.”

A study published today – based on data collected from a sample taken from 24 March to 7 April 2011 by census in terms of gender, age and residential area – points out that only 25.7% of the population recognizes all possible asthma symptoms (shortness of breath). , cough, tightness in the chest, tiredness, night cough and wheezing).

“People should watch for symptoms such as shortness of breath, which they usually describe as a cat or wheezing, but it can also become a tight feeling in their chest, as if there is something heavy in their chest that prevents them from breathing or even coughing in the morning or later in the day.” Ana Mendes explained.

An immunoallergenic adds that if people feel “some limitations in their daily activities (…) if they walk a little and get tired more than they should,” it’s also a sign to “seek help and see what happens”.

To warn patients, carers and the general public about the importance of assessing the disease, SPAIC, together with the Portuguese Asthma Association, the Portuguese General and Family Medicine Association, the Saúde em Diálogo Platform, the Portuguese Pulmonary Society and the Portuguese Society, campaign in the context of World Asthma Day.

Data released today also show that 82.8% of respondents know that asthma is a chronic disease, but when asked if asthma goes away with age, only 65.4% admit they don’t know.

“As a chronic disease, inflammation is always present and if we interpret the disease as requiring daily therapy and evaluation, we have much less decompensation and less expense,” the SPAIC expert adds, adding that “medication is meant to reduce crises and make a person.” which limit his daily life “.

“A crisis or something else can happen, for example, in an infection that can lead to decompensation, but it should not be interpreted as normal. (…) Asthma attacks should not be used on a daily basis,” added.

The expert also recalls that “viral infections are the main risk factors for a crisis and worsening of symptoms” and that “the worse a person is out of control, the more complaints he has and can even trigger a serious crisis”.

Therefore, it emphasizes the importance of disease management and adherence to medication to reduce this risk.

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