Research says the comfortable phase we live in should last for the next few months until vaccine protection begins to wane.
Research by researchers at the University of São Paulo (USP) and Sírio-Libanês Hospital suggests the possibility of new, more dangerous variants of the coronavirus emerging in the coming months, which could disrupt the immune system and spread more easily.
A study published in Viruses on April 16 says the probability is high due to the end of social distance, and the greater the spread of the virus, the greater the likelihood of new variants appearing.
“The main conclusion we’ve come to is that we shouldn’t let the virus spread because we don’t know what the variations will look like in the coming months.”
”Says Cristiane Guzzo, a professor in the Department of Microbiology at ICB-USP and one of the authors of the study.
After that, there is a trend for new contamination, which should provide a favorable environment for the emergence of even more contagious variants. As a result, the effectiveness of the vaccines should be reduced. Research also highlights that viral proteins are changing. This increases, for example, the rate at which the virus succeeds in multiplying in human cells.
“Because of these and other factors, the virus learns to bypass the action of antibodies and adapt to humans.”
adds the researcher.
For this study, the researchers analyzed the mutational potential of the virus, its ability to control the immune system, the infectivity and effectiveness of the vaccines.