Inca research reveals that physical activity affects cancer management

SUS spent a total of BRL 1.4 billion in 2018 on the treatment of the three types of cancer

April 29 at 7:18 p.m.

Agency Brazil


Federal spending on only the three most common types of cancer in Brazil (breast, colon, and uterine mucosa) could be reduced by up to BRL 20 million for cancer treatment in 2040 if the practice of functional physics is expanded. population. The data come from a study published today by the National Cancer Institute (Inca) (29) at a seminar on “Physical Activity in Cancer Management: Recommendations and Economic Implications for SUS” in honor of World Sports Day. occurred on the last day of 6.

According to Inca, a third of Brazilians would save at least 150 minutes of physical exercise a week in reasonable amounts by 2030 to save money on cancer treatment.

In the absence of public policies and measures to promote leisure-time physical activity, total Unified Health System (SUS) spending on these three cancers, totaling BRL 1.4 billion in 2018, could reach BRL 2.5 billion. in 2030 and Rs 3.4 billion in 2040. The costs include hospital and outpatient interventions performed at SUS for cancer patients over 30 years of age. Risk factors for breast, colon, and uterine mucosal cancer include physical inactivity and sedentary habits, such as watching television and excessive use of cell phones or computers.

inadequacy
Researcher Fabio Carvalho of the Inca Prevention and Surveillance Coordination told Agência Brazil that in 2019, the incidence of insufficient physical activity in leisure time decreased from 92 percent to 70 percent for men and 94 percent to 77 percent for women. Despite the reduction, Brazilian physical inactivity rates remain high. “Training is inadequate,” he pointed out. “The most favorable scenario for saving resources would be a 10% reduction in penetration. It can be said that it is a feasible goal, because it would be in ten years’ time. ”

The savings from increased physical activity in the population could be re-used in both hospital and outpatient care and exercise programs. “Then it’s good for everyone,” Carvalho assured. He showed that these measures apply to the prevention of new cancers and also to those in treatment or already ill.

A study by Inca highlighted that if the trend of cancer cases continues to grow and Brazilians lack physical activity, federal government spending on cancer treatment will be about R $ 7.8 billion in 2040, compared to nearly Rs 3.5 billion in 2018. The number of new cancers diagnosed in Brazil is not expected to rise. -Melanoma, an increase of 66% in 2040 compared to 450,000 in 2019, with an increase of 81% from 232,000 cancer deaths in 2021.

Prevention
However, researcher Thainá Alves Malhão, also from Inca Prevention and Surveillance Coordination, analyzes that it is possible to draw a different scenario because 80-90% of cancers are possibly preventable through lifestyle changes. Primary prevention is related to disease control, the Incas assure. “Cancer can be prevented with physical activity and healthy eating,” confirmed Fabio Carvalho.

During the event, a guide to physical activity and cancer: recommendations for prevention and control, developed through an institutional partnership between Inca, the Brazilian Society of Clinical Oncology (Sboc) and the Brazilian Association for Exercise and Health (Sbafs), was presented. The guide for SUS leaders is available to anyone interested who may understand that physical activity is very important in cancer prevention, Fabio Carvalho added.

Inca CEO Ana Cristina Pinho stressed that the role of the institute affiliated with the Ministry of Health is to inform the population that cancer is most often preventable. According to Ana Cristina, the goal of today’s event was to encourage good daily habits and showcase the positive effects of primary prevention that can be reflected in SUS cost savings.

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