A third case of human rabies was confirmed in the interior of Minas Gerais on Thursday (28.5-year-old boy died in Bertópolis on April 17. Although the circumstances of the infection are still being investigated, the case occurred in the same city where two children were found bitten by bats, one in the intensive care unit.
In addition to rabies, there are at least 200 other zoonoses. According to a report by the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), at least 70% of diseases that occur after the 1940s are of animal origin. See the main ones:
Cryptococcosis: Inflammation, also known as pigeon disease, is caused by a fungus that grows in the feces of pigeons. Contamination occurs mainly when the poop of an animal dries and dries, causing fungal spores to spread into the air. By inhaling, a person gets a disease.
Dengue and Chikungunya: diseases caused by mosquito bites Aedes aegypti. Infection does not occur through direct contact with the patient or his secretions or through water or food.
Chagas disease: an infectious disease caused by a parasite found in the stools of barbers. The insect collects it on human skin while absorbing blood. Usually the bite causes itching and scratching facilitates penetration Trypanosoma cruzi according to the bite site. THE T.cruzi it can also enter the human body through the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and mouth, or through wounds or recent skin wounds.
Lyme disease: infection transmitted by bacterial-infected mites Borrelia (which can occur as different subspecies depending on location in the world) after the insect has been attached to the human body for about 24 hours.
Human sporotrichosis: is a subcutaneous mycosis that occurs when a genus of a fungus Sporothrix enters the body through a wound in the skin. The infection occurs mainly from contact of the fungus with the skin or mucosa, as a result of accidents caused by thorns, straw or wood chips; contact with perishable vegetables; scratching or biting sick animals, the most common of which is the cat.
Yellow fever: is a serious infectious disease caused by a virus that infects humans and primates (monkeys) through the bites of infected mosquitoes.
Hantavirus: Infection in humans is most commonly caused by the inhalation of aerosols of urine, feces, and saliva from infected rodents.
Skin leishmaniasis: it is caused by the protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The disease is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female flies (a species of fly).
Visceral leishmaniasis: is a disease caused by a protozoan of a species Leishmania chagasi. It infects humans with a bite from an infected vector insect called phlebotomy, commonly known as straw mosquito, toadstool, tatuquiras, birigui. In Brazil, the main species responsible for the spread is Lutzomyia longipalpis. In an urban environment, the dog is the main source of infection for the vector.
Leptospirosis: infectious disease caused by a bacterium Leptospira, which occurs in the urine of rats and other animals and infects humans mainly in floods. Cattle, pigs and dogs can also become ill and spread leptospirosis to humans.
Malaria: acute febrile infectious disease caused by protozoa transmitted by an infected female mosquito anopheles.
Salmonellosis: bacterial infection salmonella. Infection occurs by ingesting food contaminated with animal feces. Bacteria are commonly found in animals such as chickens, pigs, reptiles, amphibians, cows and even domestic animals such as dogs and cats. In this way, all food from these animals or in contact with their faeces can be considered as a route of transmission of salmonellosis.
Toxoplasmosis: protozoan infection Toxoplasma Gondiifound in the faeces of cats and other cats and may remain in humans and other animals.
Source: Ministry of Health.