Imbituba reaches 49. Aedes aegypt outbreak in 2022 and the Sagrada Família remains at the top of the case list; explore the suburbs with spotlights

The Health Department of Imbituba confirmed through health surveillance that 49 Aedes aegypti epidemics had been reached in the city. The Sagrada Família neighborhood is still at the top of the list of confirmed cases, this year alone 15.

The districts of Vila Santo Antônio and Penha were on the health checklist. According to health surveillance data, outbreaks have already been detected in the surrounding areas:

– New Brazil (8)
– Porto da Vila (4)
– Central (11)
– Itapiruba (2)
– Sagrada Familia (15)
– Vila Nova (5)
– Aviation Field (1)
– Villa Santo Antônio (2)
– Penha (1).

CITY HALL CAMPAIGN

In recent days, the city government launched a new information campaign on the dangers of spreading Aedes aegypt. The materials bring the theme “By doing our own, we are unbeatable against dengue incineration”. The purpose of the municipality is to remind residents of the risks if the land remains dirty, full of weeds and water-accumulating materials. Water standing in rings, pots, cans or other containers promotes the spread of dengue larvae.

Aedes aegypti

The mosquito that spreads dengue, zika and chikungunya viruses is Aedes aegypti. It is characterized by a small size, medium brown color and a sharp white curved band on both sides of the chest. It has white stripes on the paws.

| What are his habits?

THE Aedes aegypti lives 35 to 45 days and is fed, reproduced and laid during the day. Mosquitoes preferably operate early in the morning and late in the afternoon. However, studies have shown that this period is lengthening. Female mosquitoes need human blood to mature their eggs. Thus, it is at this very moment that the spread of disease (both the transmission of the virus to humans and the transmission of a mosquito to a sick person during viremia) can occur.

| Reproductive cycle

The female lays up to 100 eggs on the inside walls of containers that contain or may contain water. The female selects more than one site for each position, which guarantees better reproductive success, i.e., insects can be created from multiple tanks in the same environment. In these places, eggs can last up to a year and a half. Upon contact with water, the eggs quickly develop into larvae that give birth to bunnies. Of these, an adult is born in a cycle of about 7 days. Therefore, it is important that everyone monitors their environment at least once a week to remove potential mosquito breeding grounds. Aedes aegypti.

The dengue mosquito also spreads chikungunya and Zika virus. Activate your family and remove stagnant water, which will help fight outbreaks that can become a breeding ground for Aedes aegypt.

General care

Prevention / Protection

  • Use curtains on windows and doors, wear long clothing – pants and blouses – and if you wear clothing that leaves areas of your body exposed, apply a repellent to those areas.
  • Preferably stay in places with protective curtains, mosquito nets or other obstacles.

care

  • If you notice red spots on your skin, red eyes or fever, seek treatment.
  • Do not take any medicines alone.
  • Seek guidance on reproductive planning and contraception from primary care units.

Information

  • Use information from departmental websites such as the Department of Health and state and local government health departments.
  • If you want to get pregnant: ask your healthcare professional for guidance and ask any questions to evaluate your decision.
  • If you do not want to become pregnant: ask your doctor for advice on contraception.

Aedes aegypti is a domestic mosquito. He lives inside and close to people. In accordance with daily habits, the mosquito feeds human blood, especially at dawn and dusk. Reproduction takes place in clean and calm water from the eggs of female eggs. Eggs lay eggs and share several rearing places.

In less than 15 minutes, it is possible to sweep at home and end up in containers with stagnant water – an environment conducive to the reproduction of Aedes aegypt. See key instructions:

care indoors and apartments 250x200 red black

Care inside the house and apartment

  • Cover basins and water tanks;
  • Always keep gutters clean;
  • Always leave the bottles upside down;
  • Keep bins well covered;
  • Leave the drains clean and spread the sieve;
  • Clean weekly or fill pots with sand;
  • Clean the water pots of the animals with a brush or sponge;
  • Remove any water that has accumulated in the service area behind the washing machine.

external area

Outdoor area of ​​houses and flats

  • Cover and perform periodic maintenance on pool and hot tub areas;
  • Clean external drains and ducts;
  • Beware of bromeliads, aloes, and other plants that can accumulate in water;
  • Leave used protective covers to cover items well stretched to avoid puddles;
  • Check the ballroom, restrooms and pantry.

What is dengue fever and how does it spread? What is the diagnosis and treatment?

It is a virus infection with four different serotypes, DENV1, DENV2, DENV3 and DENV4. Therefore, it is possible to get the disease up to four times because an infection of one serotype does not produce immunity to others. People who have previously had an infection are more likely to progress to a severe form of the disease than people who have never been infected with the virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, pain behind the eyes, and red spots on the skin. The disease can progress to a more serious form and cause bleeding in the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs and even death.

Dengue is spread by the bite of a female mosquito. Aedes aegypti infected with the virus. The main measure is the removal of mosquito breeding grounds.

What is Chikungunya, how does it catch?

It is a viral infection that occurs in an acute form (associated with sudden symptoms of high fever, severe joint pain, headache and muscle pain, and rash) and can progress to the following stages: subacute (with joint pain) and chronic (with joint pain lasting for months). The name of the disease has its roots in the phrase used in Tanzania to mean “one who bows.”

The disease is transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito. Aedes aegypti infected with a virus.

Diagnosis is made by laboratory tests or by assessing the signs and symptoms and the presence of a person in areas where a spreading mosquito or dengue fever has been observed within 14 days before the onset of the condition.

There is no specific cure for Chikungunya fever, but the symptoms can be relieved with a painkiller or fever prescribed by your doctor.

Acetylsalicylic acid-based medicines (Aspirin, Melhoral, AAS) and NSAIDs should not be used as they may increase the risk of bleeding.

What is Zika? How is it transmitted and what treatment?

It is a viral infection and its symptoms include redness and itching of the body, red eyes without itching and without bleeding, fever, swelling and joint pain.

The disease is transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito. Aedes aegypti infected with a virus.

It is performed by laboratory tests from the Central Public Health Laboratory (LACEN) that show the presence of antibodies to the virus or disease.

There is no specific medicine for Zika virus fever, but the symptoms can be relieved with a pain or fever medicine prescribed by your doctor.

Acetylsalicylic acid-based medicines (Aspirin, Melhoral, AAS) and NSAIDs should not be used as they may increase the risk of bleeding.

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