The Ministry of Health (SES) confirmed this Thursday (12th) that 11 more people died of dengue fever in Rio Grande do Sul. Since the beginning of this year, there have been 26 deaths from the disease, surpassing the previous two years – 11 deaths in 2021 and 6 in 2020.
Of the cities where the last 11 deaths occurred, five of them died of dengue fever for the first time in the year: Erechim, Estância Velha, Nova Hartz, Novo Machado and Porto Alegre. Others were in municipalities that had already performed in 2022: Cachoeira do Sul, Horizontina, Igrejinha (three new deaths) and Novo Hamburgo.
Read more: Almost 90% of the municipalities in Rio Grande do Sul have confirmed Aedes aegypti infection
According to SES, most of the death profile was in the elderly. Of the 26 confirmed deaths, 19 were 70 years of age and older. The 50-59-year-olds, 40-49-year-olds, and 30-39-year-olds each died two, in addition to a record among 10-14-year-olds.
More than 21,000 cases that occurred in the RS area, or autochthons, have been confirmed as early as 2022. These are the highest cases and deaths ever recorded in Rio Grande do Sul in a year since SES began monitoring in 2000.
The maximum warning issued by the SES states that 85 percent of confirmed cases of dengue fever are concentrated in 24 municipalities, representing approximately 25 percent of the total population of the state. However, about 90 percent of the cities in Rio Grande do Sul are considered to be infested with Aedes aegypti.
Aedes aegypti is on average less than 1 cm in size, dark and has white streaks on its legs, head and body. The mosquito cycle usually accelerates in the summer due to a combination of warmer temperatures and rainfall.
:: More than 43,000 cases and 12 deaths in Paraná are dengue epidemics ::
To multiply, it needs places with stagnant water. Therefore, preventing their reproduction is intended to eliminate these potential breeding sites, thus preventing the emergence of mosquitoes.
Prevention of the disease must be carried out by removing places with stagnant water where the spreading mosquito Aedes aegypti increases.
Know how to avoid mosquitoes at home
The most popular containers for storing eggs are household containers with standing water, or even on their wall, even when dry. The most important examples are e.g. rings, cans, glasses, broken bottles, containers, water tanks or other poorly covered tanks.
Preventive measures that a person can take at home include:
– Keep the water tank covered, as well as barrels or cans exposed to rain
– Keep old tires under cover
– Do not collect water in pots or containers where they are (cover with sand)
– Keep drains, pipes, gutters, awnings and tent canopies unobstructed
– Place glass, plastic or tin containers in a closed container
– Keep the pool maintained all year round
Source: BdF Rio Grande do Sul
Editing: Marcelo Ferreira