5/13/2022 – 4:40 PM
The National Congress is back in green this Monday (16th) World Celiac Awareness Day. The date was chosen in honor of the birth of the English physician Samuel Geen. He was the first researcher to find that the symptoms of the disease were related to patients ’diets.
The disease is an autoimmune disease caused by gluten intolerance – a protein found in some grains and their derivatives – that makes it difficult to absorb nutrients, vitamins, minerals and water.
Symptoms usually appear between six months and two and a half years of life, although in some cases they can occur in adulthood. Are they:
– diarrhea or chronic constipation;
– abdominal pain;
– bloating in the abdomen;
– damage to the intestinal wall;
– lack of appetite;
– low absorption of nutrients;
– weight loss and malnutrition.
Diagnosis is made by a clinical examination by a specialist, which may also require a bowel biopsy and blood tests.
The main treatment is a diet where there is no gluten at all and the symptoms go away. The biggest difficulty for patients is living with the limitations of new eating habits. There is no cure for celiac disease, so dietary restrictions must be strictly followed for the rest of your life. It is important for people with celiac disease to be aware of the potential problems with bowel cancer and infertility.
Celiacs can only eat food prepared in decontaminated kitchens to avoid cross-contamination, which occurs when physical, chemical or biological contaminants are transferred directly or indirectly from food, containers, vectors or processors to food that is consumed. sponges, dish towels, wooden spoons, frying oil and others.
Law 10.674 / 2003 makes the declaration of the presence or absence of gluten mandatory on the labeling of all processed foods in order to protect the right to health of people with celiac disease.