According to the National Cancer Institute (INCA), 6,650 new cases of ovarian cancer are expected in Brazil between 2020 and 2022. This value corresponds to about 6.18 new cases per 100,000 women.
This type of cancer is one of the most common gynecological tumors, second only to cervical cancer. However, most patients notice the disease when it has already progressed due to the non-specificity of the symptoms.
In an interview, oncologist Dr. Vivian S. Coski talks about the importance of routine exams and the most important signs to look out for.
Why is ovarian cancer considered silent?
“When signs of ovarian cancer begin to appear, it may mean that it is already advanced, as in the early stages of the disease, the symptoms are usually non-existent or nonspecific. It is common for many patients to be confused by reflux, urinary tract infections and even the same gastritis,” Dr. Vivian revealed.
Research done by Target ovarian cancer facility, From the United Kingdom, revealed in February this year that at least two – thirds of women are unaware of the main symptoms associated with ovarian cancer. This is why awareness is so important to make a timely diagnosis and increase your chances of recovery with convincing treatment.
What are the main symptoms that patients should be aware of?
“Patients should pay attention mainly to increased abdominal volume for no apparent reason, changes in urine for no particular reason, digestive problems, increase in abdominal volume, abdominal pain, feeling of frequent urination, and vaginal bleeding,” the expert commented.
Is There A Way To Prevent Ovarian Cancer?
“When we talk about prevention, we’re talking about managing risk factors. and / or breast cancer in the family, undergo annual cancer screening. “
What can increase the risk of ovarian cancer?
“We know that the main risk factors are old age, zero parity (when there is no reproduction), late menopause and early menstruation, ie some hormonal factors, genetic syndromes, a history of endometriosis and radiotherapy in the pelvic area.”
Can an ovarian cyst become a cancer? If so, why?
“This depends on the type of cyst. If it is a simple cyst, there is no risk. But if it is a complex cyst with a solid part, it is possible that it will become cancerous. Therefore, ovarian cyst diagnosis must be closely monitored by tests such as transvaginal ultrasound to check for cancer risk. “
Should special aftercare be given to those who are about to stop their ovarian cancer treatment?
“Experts consider a patient to be cured when there are no signs of cancer recurrence five years after stopping treatment. Therefore, it is vital for those who stop or stop treatment for ovarian cancer to have routine examinations as directed by a specialist to monitor whether or not the tumor is returning.”